Can a court base its decision on a hearing/interrogation of the party alone?

A german court does not have to gather additional evidence offered on a disputed fact if it can base its conviction within the meaning of section 286(1) of the Code of Civil Procedure (ZPO) on other circumstances, such as the content of a party hearing alone (BGH, 10.03.2021 — XII ZR 54/20). This applies independently […]

Equality of arms in COVID-times: Travel restrictions are not an argument for Russian courts

The following decision of the Moscow Arbitrazh (Commercial) Court shows that the arguments of parties who try to resist the recognition or enforcement of arbitral awards in Russia in the times of the COVID pandemic, such as the impossibility to send representatives or witnesses to Russia or to participate in video hearings, are doomed to […]

Federal Supreme Court on the timeliness of an arbitration defence in enforcement proceedings

At the end of last year, we commented on the decision of the lower court in this matter in our blog. The Frankfurt Higher Regional Court (order of 7 September 2020 — 26 Sch 2/20 — «Fish Can Filling Machine») focused on the issue of set-off in enforcement proceedings. Today, we write about the appeal […]

Russian Cassation Court of North-Western Region clarifies a misunderstanding: No révision au fond

A DIS (German Arbitration Institute) arbitration award was granted to recover damages from International Recycling Pte. Ltd. (Singapore) and Intervtorresurs Limited Liability Company (Russia). The claimant applied for recognition and enforcement to the court at the location of the Russian respondent. On the first circuit, the judgment was enforced, but was overturned by the court […]

German case law on the right to be heard in arbitral proceedings and «Curia novit Ius»

Von: Heyo Eyiah, Anna Kopylova The right to beard in court is an important procedural principle (guaranteed by the principle of fair trial and laid down in Art. 103(1) of the German Constitution). An alleged violation of the right to be heard in court is probably the most frequent ground for challenging arbitral awards in […]

Enforcement of English Judgments in Russia II: Service Abroad

In the previous article, we have talked about enforcement of English Judgements in Russia on the basis of recipocity. While in essence, an English court judgment can and should be recognised in Russia with relative ease, it is essential to pay attention to a proper service of process abroad under the Hague Convention. Background of […]

Enforcement of English Judgments in Russia: Reciprocity

Unlike the New York Convention 1958, which provides a straightforward procedure for enforcement of arbitration awards in another signatory state, there is no single unifying international treaty or convention when it comes to court judgements. Enforcement of foreign judgments is often covered by bilateral or multilateral treaties which vary from country to country. However many […]

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